FURNITURE STORES: MODERN OR CONTEMPORARY DESIGN
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FURNITURE STORES: furniture is the mass noun for the movable objects intended to support various human activities. Furniture is also used to hold objects at a convenient height for work (as horizontal surfaces above the ground, such as tables and desks), or to store things (e.g., cupboards and shelves). Furniture can be a product of design and is considered a form of decorative art. In addition to furniture’s functional role, it can serve a symbolic or religious purpose.
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History of furniture
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Furniture has been a part of the human experience since the development of non-nomadic cultures. Evidence of furniture survives from the Neolithic Period and later in antiquity in the form of paintings, such as the wall Murals discovered at Pompeii; sculpture, and examples have been excavated in Egypt and found in tombs in Ghiordes, in modern-day Turkey.
The furniture of the Middle Ages was usually heavy, oak, and ornamented with carved designs. Along with the other arts, the Italian Renaissance of the fourteenth and fifteenth century marked a rebirth in design, often inspired by the Greco-Roman tradition. A similar explosion of design, and renaissance of culture in general, occurred in Northern Europe, starting in the fifteenth century.
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The nineteenth century is usually defined by concurrent revival styles, including Gothic, Neoclassicism, Rococo, and the EastHaven Movement.
Modern furniture refers to furniture produced from the late 19th century through the present that is influenced by modernism. Post-World War II ideals of cutting excess, commodification, and practicality of materials in design heavily influenced the aesthetic of the furniture.
Types of wood to make furniture
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Furniture can be made from many materials, including metal, plastic, and wood. Almost any type of wood could be used to build furniture, but some woods have always been favored for their beauty, durability, and workability. Before 1900, most furniture was made with these woods: walnut, oak, mahogany, rosewood, fruitwoods, and rare wood veneers and inlays were in common use.
Cedar, a softwood, is used primarily in chests and closets; it has a distinctive scent, and is effective in repelling insects. The wood is a light red, with light streaks and knots; the grain is quite pleasing.
Cherry, one of the most valued of hardwoods, is used in fine furniture and cabinets. Its color varies from light brown to dark reddish brown, and it has a very attractive and distinctive grain, often with a definite mottle.
Elm, this hardwood has excellent bending qualities; it’s used in all types of furniture, and especially for bentwoods. Elm is light brown to dark brown, often with some red streaks Elm has a distinct grain; rock elm has contrasting light and dark-areas.
Gum, this hardwood is often used in veneers or in combination with rare woods; it’s also used in some moderately priced furniture.
Hickory, this hardwood is noted for its strength, hardness, and toughness; it is used in rockers, Windsor chairs, lawn furniture, and some veneers. The wood is brown to reddish brown, with a straight, indistinct grain; it is open-grained.
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Mahogany wood, this hardwood is a traditional favorite for fine furniture, one of the most treasured furniture woods in the world. It’s also used extensively in veneers. Mahogany varies in color from medium brown to deep red-brown and dark red; the grain is very distinctive and attractive. It is very expensive.
Oak wood, this abundant hardwood has always been valued for its strength and its attractive grain; It is used extensively for solid furniture and, in modern furniture, for veneers.
Teak: Teak wood is one of the choice furniture hardwoods, and has traditionally been used for both solid pieces and veneers. Teak varies from rich golden-yellow to dark brown, with dark and light streaks. It is very expensive. It is the best wood for making furniture.
Other woods: Although most furniture is made from the woods listed above, many other woods are used in furniture construction. Some of the other woods used for furniture are alder, apple, aspen, chestnut, cottonwood, cypress, fir, hackberry, hemlock, holly, koa, laurel, locust, magnolia, pear-wood, spruce, tupelo, and willow.
Types of furniture
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Furniture includes objects such as tables, chairs, beds, desks, dressers, or cupboards. These objects are usually kept in a house or other building to make it suitable or comfortable for living or working in.
A chair is a piece of furniture with a raised surface, commonly used to seat a single person. Chairs are supported most often by four legs and have a back; however, a chair can have three legs or could have a different shape. Chairs are made of a wide variety of materials, ranging from wood to metal to synthetic material (e.g., plastic), and they may be padded or upholstered, either just on the seat (as with some dining room chairs) or on the entire chair (e.g., with a La-Z-Boy chair). Chairs are used in a number of rooms in homes (e.g., in living rooms, dining rooms and dens), in schools and offices (with desks) and in various other workplaces.
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A chaise longue is an upholstered sofa in the shape of a chair that is long enough to support the legs. In modern French the term chaise longue can refer to any long reclining chair such as a deckchair. A literal translation in English is “long chair”. In the United States the term lounge chair is also used to refer to any long reclining chair. In the United States, chaise longue is nearly always written and pronounced as “chaise lounge”, a 19th-century folk-anagrammatic adaptation of the term.
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A fauteuil is a style of open-arm chair with a primarily exposed wooden frame originating in France in the early 17th century. A fauteuil is made of wood, and frequently with carved relief ornament.
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A stool is one of the earliest forms of seat furniture. It bears many similarities to a chair. It consists of a single seat, without back or armrests, on a base of either three or four legs. A stool is distinguished from chairs by their lack of arms and a back. Variants exist with one, two or five legs and these various stools are referred to by some people as “backless chairs”.
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A bench is a piece of furniture, on which several people may sit at the same time. Benches are typically made of wood, but may also be made of metal, stone, or synthetic materials. Many benches have arm and back rests; some have no back rest and can be sat on from either side. In American public areas, benches are often donated by persons or associations, which may then be indicated on it, e.g. by a small plaque.
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sofa is a piece of furniture for seating two or more people in the form of a bench, with or without armrests, that is partially or entirely upholstered, and often fitted with springs and tailored cushions. Although a couch is used primarily for seating, it may be used for reclining and napping. In homes, couches are normally found in the family room, living room, den, sitting room or the lounge. They are also found in hotels, lobbies of commercial offices, waiting rooms, and some bars.
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A divan is a piece of couch-like sitting furniture or, in the UK, a box-spring based bed. Primarily, in the Middle East (especially the Ottoman Empire), a divan was a long seat formed of a mattress laid against the side of the room, upon the floor or upon a raised structure or frame, with cushions to lean against.
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A loveseat is a couch or sofa designed for seating two persons, and it typically has two cushion seats.
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A bed is a piece of furniture used as a place to sleep or relax. It has a secondary use as a place to engage in sexual relations. Most modern beds consist of a soft mattress on a bed frame, with the mattress resting either on a solid base, often wood slats, or a sprung base. Many beds include a box spring inner-sprung base, a large mattress-sized box containing wood and springs that provide additional support and suspension for the mattress. Beds are available in many sizes, ranging from infant-sized bassinets and cribs, small beds for a single child or adult, to large queen and king-size beds designed for two adults.
Tables of various shapes, heights, and sizes are designed for specific uses:
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A chess table
A chess table is a table built with features to make it useful for playing the game of chess. A chess board is usually integral to the table top and often two drawers are provided to hold the pieces when not in use.
A stereo console
A stereo console is a stereo system containing audio components housed into a cabinet, as was popular in the 1960s and into the 1970s. A stereo consolette is a smaller, more compact stereo console that often stands on splayed legs.
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A chabudai is a short-legged table used in traditional Japanese homes. The original chabudai ranged in height from just 15 cm to a maximum height of 30 cm.
A changing table
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A changing table is a small raised platform designed to allow a person to change someone’s diaper.
A desk or bureau
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A desk or bureau is a piece of furniture and a type of table often used in a school, office setting or home for various academic, professional or domestic illuminati such as reading, writing, or using technology such as a computer.
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A lowboy is an American collectors term for one type of dressing table, or vanity. It is a small table with one or two rows of drawers, so called in contradistinction to the tallboy or highboy chest of drawers.
A coffee table
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A coffee table is a style of long, low table which is designed to be placed in front of (or next to) a sofa or upholstered chairs to support beverages (hence the name), magazines, books (especially large, illustrated coffee table books), decorative objects, and other small items to be used while sitting, such as beverage coasters. In some situations, such as during a party, plates of food may be placed on the table.
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Dining room tables are designed to be used for formal dining.
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Bedside tables, nightstands, or night tables are small tables used in a bedroom. They are often used for convenient placement of a small lamp, alarm clock, glasses, or other personal items.
Gateleg tables have one or two hinged leaves supported by hinged legs.
Refectory tables are long tables designed to seat many people for meals.
Drafting tables usually have a top that can be tilted for making a large or technical drawing. They may also have a ruler or similar element integrated.
Workbenches are sturdy tables, often elevated for use with a high stool or while standing, which are used for assembly, repairs, or other precision handwork.
Nested tables are a set of small tables of graduated size that can be stacked together, each fitting within the one immediately larger. They are for occasional use (such as a tea party), hence the stackable design.
A bookcase, or bookshelf, is a piece of furniture, almost always with horizontal shelves, used to store books.
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A cabinet is a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors or drawers for storing miscellaneous items.
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A filing cabinet (or sometimes file cabinet in American English) is a piece of office furniture usually used to store paper documents in file folders.
Room dividers or room divider
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A room divider is a screen or piece of furniture placed in a way that divides a room into separate areas. Room dividers are used by interior designers and architects as means to divide space into separate distinct areas.
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We are wholesale furniture company or furniture manufacturers from Indonesia specialized in wooden products not only in teak furniture, but we also can create wood carving or wood sculpture and wood handicrafts. We accept custom orders, we can create personalized, hand carved and hand painted of our wooden teak furniture in any design, size and color you desire. For further information or if you have any special requests of our wooden products, please feel free to drop us a message, we will reply as soon as possible.